There are so many diseases that attack when age increases. One of osteoporosis. That disease is known as a condition when bone density starts with the damage and decreased bone microarchitecture. As a result, bones become fragile and easily broken.
Osteoporosis can occur in both men and women. However, the risk of the occurrence of osteoporosis in women more because women (above age 45 years) experiencing menopause. That is, the degree of a decline in hormone estrogen in the body (to stop the bleeding). Whereas in men, osteoporosis occurs in old age (above 70 years).
Osteoporosis due to bone metabolism disturbances, namely the cells of bone crusher exceeds bone forming cells work. As a result, the long run the bones become porous. Interference that can occur due to the physiological aging with the decrease of hormone Feed and less calcium and vitamin D. Including the existence of the disease broadcaster, such as diabetes mellitus (DM).
People with DM, lead to kidney damage absorption of calcium through the organs involved is reduced. Consequently, the bones are getting less food. In addition, the materials contained in the drugs prevent the formation of bone forming cells. As a result, bones become dense, hollow-cavity, and easily broken.
They detected a porous bone disease due consuming recommended calcium dose level 800 mg per day plus vitamin D3. However, consumption of calcium also can not be too many. Instead of a strong, consumption of too much calcium can make bones even into too tight. The edges, easily broken bones as well.
To detect osteoporosis, you must to monitor bone density with Bone Mass Densitometri (BMD). When the results of BMD more than -1, bone density is good. Hence, the consumption of high calcium supplements can be reduced. For maintenance, calcium supplements diasup enough a week or once a month. To get an accurate BMD results, BMD should do with the spine image. The BMD was measured through the feet are often biased.